Hi mbnoroozi, thanks for the question. The final answer I have is positive, but I think you're referring to the negative in the formula for the induced EMF? That negative is there to remind us that the induced EMF causes a current directed such that it produces a magnetic flux in the coil that opposes the change in flux that caused the EMF in the first place. Negative in this case can be thought of as "opposite to", in the same way as a car going in the opposite direction to a car with velocity 30 m/s will have a velocity -30 m/s.

## Comments

Hi Dr. Dychko - I might be missing something obvious but can you explain why the final answer is negative?

Thanks!

Hi mbnoroozi, thanks for the question. The final answer I have is positive, but I think you're referring to the negative in the formula for the induced EMF? That negative is there to remind us that the induced EMF causes a current directed such that it produces a magnetic flux in the coil that opposes the change in flux that caused the EMF in the first place. Negative in this case can be thought of as "opposite to", in the same way as a car going in the opposite direction to a car with velocity 30 m/s will have a velocity -30 m/s.

Hope this helps,

Mr. Dychko