Hi suriyak786, thanks for the question. Yes, since we haven't specified the coordinate system, it's true that up is the positive direction, and down is negative. The elevator would have a negative velocity while it's falling. However, it's initial displacement is positive since we've done one unconventional thing here: the origin (in other words the location where the vertical position is zero) is not where the elevator starts. Instead we've chosen the origin, also called the reference level when talking about vertical position, to be at the height of the fully compressed spring, which is below where the elevator starts. This choice of reference level simplified our algebra a bit. $h$ is the displacement of the elevator compared to the reference level, and it is positive since it's above the reference level, and we have the conventional coordinate system with up being positive.

## Comments

if the elevator is falling, wouldn't H be negative?

Hi suriyak786, thanks for the question. Yes, since we haven't specified the coordinate system, it's true that up is the positive direction, and down is negative. The elevator would have a negative velocity while it's falling. However, it's initial displacement is positive since we've done one unconventional thing here: the origin (in other words the location where the vertical position is zero) is not where the elevator starts. Instead we've chosen the origin, also called the

reference levelwhen talking about vertical position, to be at the height of the fully compressed spring, which is below where the elevator starts. This choice of reference level simplified our algebra a bit. $h$ is the displacement of the elevator compared to the reference level, and it is positive since it's above the reference level, and we have the conventional coordinate system with up being positive.All the best,

Mr. Dychko