Hi m_iqbal, thanks for the question. The negative sign for velocity indicates direction only. It says nothing about whether the object is speeding up or slowing down. A negative velocity means only that the object is moving in the negative direction, which is typically to the left, although a person solving a problem is free to redefine the coordinate system by saying "I feel like making the negative direction to the right". It's a bit unusual to say "right is negative", but you do need to be prepared for this idea since occasionally I do say "let down be the positive direction", rather than the traditional "up is positive", when doing so simplifies the mathematics by avoiding so many negative signs in a formula.

A change in speed is given by acceleration, so your next question might be: does a negative acceleration mean the object is speeding up or slowing down. The answer here depends on whether the object currently has a negative velocity, or not. If the acceleration has the same sign as the velocity, it's speeding up. An acceleration with an opposite sign to the velocity means the object is slowing down. So, running through the list of possibilities: +a & +v => speeding up, -a & +v => slowing down, +a & -v => slowing down, -a & -v => speeding up. The last scenario is probably the one you'll want to take note of, where a negative acceleration means the object is speeding up when it already has negative velocity.

## Comments

Hi,

I have a question that if the object has constant negative velocity, will the object speed up or slow down?

Hi m_iqbal, thanks for the question. The negative sign for velocity indicates

directiononly. It says nothing about whether the object is speeding up or slowing down. A negative velocity means only that the object is moving in the negative direction, which is typically to the left, although a person solving a problem is free to redefine the coordinate system by saying "I feel like making the negative direction to the right". It's a bit unusual to say "right is negative", but you do need to be prepared for this idea since occasionally I do say "let down be the positive direction", rather than the traditional "up is positive", when doing so simplifies the mathematics by avoiding so many negative signs in a formula.A change in speed is given by acceleration, so your next question might be: does a negative acceleration mean the object is speeding up or slowing down. The answer here depends on whether the object currently has a negative

velocity, or not. If the acceleration has the same sign as the velocity, it's speeding up. An acceleration with an opposite sign to the velocity means the object is slowing down. So, running through the list of possibilities: +a & +v => speeding up, -a & +v => slowing down, +a & -v => slowing down, -a & -v => speeding up. The last scenario is probably the one you'll want to take note of, where a negative acceleration means the object is speeding up when it already has negative velocity.All the best,

Mr. Dychko