Giancoli's Physics: Principles with Applications, 7th Edition

2

Describing Motion: Kinematics in One Dimension

Change chapter2-1 to 2-3: Speed and Velocity

2-4: Acceleration

2-5 and 2-6: Motion at Constant Acceleration

2-7: Freely Falling Objects

2-8: Graphical Analysis

Question by Giancoli, Douglas C., Physics: Principles with Applications, 7th Ed., ©2014, Reprinted by permission of Pearson Education Inc., New York.

Problem 44

Q

- What is their initial “launch” speed off the ground?
- How long are they in the air?

A

- $4.8\textrm{ m/s}$
- $0.99\textrm{ s}$

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VIDEO TRANSCRIPT

This is Giancoli Answers with Mr. Dychko. This basketball rebounder leaps up and goes a height of 1.2 meters and at the top of their parabola or at the top of their arc they are jumping their speed is gonna be zero and we can use this formula to figure out what the initial launch speed must have been to reach this height of 1.2 meters. So we can get rid of this term because the speed at the top is zero and then minus 2*ad* from both sides that gives us the initial velocity squared equals negative 2*ad* and then take the square root of both sides and we get the initial launch speed is square root of negative 2 times acceleration times the height. So that's square root of negative 2 times negative 9.8 meters per second squared because we are taking upwards to be positive and the acceleration is down so it's negative times a height of 1.2 meters which is 4.8 meters per second upwards. The total time that they spend in the air can be given by this formula; this is the displacement formula and it equals zero because they return back to the starting point and we can divide both sides by *t* then 0 divided by *t* is 0 and on the left side, a *t* cancels from both terms and then we'll subtract the initial from both sides and giving us this line and then we'll multiply by 2 over *a* on both sides giving us that the total time in the air is negative 2 times the initial launch speed or velocity divided by acceleration. So that's negative 2 times 4.8497 meters per second divided by negative 9.8 meters per second squared which is a total time in the air of 0.99 seconds. Now basketball players actually appear to stay in the air longer than this and I think the reason is that they bend their legs so that they return to a height that's actually lower than what they launched from.

COMMENTS

By joseotilio25 on Mon, 2/16/2015 - 2:04 AM

Why don't use d=1.2 in the part B. Because I have d= 1.2 m

By Mr. Dychko on Tue, 2/17/2015 - 3:48 PM

Hi joseotilio25, thanks for the question. *Quick answer*: $d$ is **displacement**, which is zero after the basket ball player lands. *Longer answer*: It's true that the basketball player jumps $1.2 \textrm{ m}$ in the air, and this figure is used in part a) to find their initial launch speed. Now that the initial speed is known, I chose a method in part b) which uses $d = v_it + \frac{1}{2}at^2$. This is convenient since the **displacement** is zero because the basketball player returns to the same position as they started (on the ground). The displacement equation becomes $0 = v_it + \frac{1}{2}at^2$ and the video shows the steps to solve for $t$, the total time spent in the air during a jump.

Hope this helps,

Mr. Dychko

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